|Ingredients for for 2 kg cheese:|
20 litres of whole milk
8 pinches starter culture or 1 dl buttermilk or soured milk
8 ml rennet
475 g salt
Cheese coatingRequired tools:
Pot with lidSteps:
Large cheese mould with lid
- Pour milk into the pot and slowly heat it to 32°C
- In a small amount cold water, mix starter culture. Add the mix to the milk and gently stir for half a minute.
- Put a lid on the pot and wrap it in a towel to keep it warm. Let it rest for 30 minutes.
- Mix rennet with a small amount of cold water – add it to the milk and stir thoroughly for half a minute.
- Cover the pot with a lid and a towel once again and leave it for 35 minutes.
- Prepare a brine: Boil 3 litres of water. Add 450 g of salt and stir until the salt is dissolved. Leave the brine to cool (20°C) until tomorrow.
- The milk has now coagulated and the curd has developed.
- Cut the curd into ½-1 cm cubes using a long knife.
- Cover the pot with lid and the towel once again - leave it for 5 minutes.
- With a sieve spoon, stir the curd gently for 15 minutes.
- Remove 7-8 litres of whey.
- Add 4 litres of warm water (55°C) while gently stirring. Add the water in small portions over 30 minutes to slowly raise the temperature of the curd to 37°C.
- Continue stirring for 10 minutes.
- Drain off all whey.
- Add 25 g of salt to the curd and knead the curd with the salt for 5 minutes.
Use plastic gloves for optimal hygiene.
- Place a large mould in a pot, eventually on top of two cheese mats. Line the mould with a scolded cheese cloth. Now, fill the mould with the curd. Fold the excess cheese cloth over the top of the curd. Make sure there are a minimum of folds and creases across the top before you put the mould lid on - this could cause an uneveness to the cheese crust.
- Apply pressure to the cheese - use a cheese press or use the following instructions:
Add a solid bowl - or similar - on top of the mould lid. It must reach at least 3 cm above the brim of the mould. Now, get a bucket or pot with a smaller diameter than the cheese pot and place it on top of the solid bowl. Fill the inserted bucket/pot with water to create pressure on the cheese.
- Leave the cheese under pressure for ½ hour.
- You may leave the cheese under pressure for another ½ hour or better do the following: Release the pressure and take out the cheese, flip it over and put it back into the mould and apply pressure again - this time you double the pressure, if possible. Leave the cheese under pressure for another ½ hour.
- Release the pressure from the cheese and take out the cheese.
- Soak the cheese in the brine you made earlier - for 4 hours.
- Place the cheese in a cheese tray with cheese mat and leave it at 20°C for 1 day. Flip over the cheese regularly to dry the crust.
- Apply cheese coating.
- Eventually apply a second layer of cheese coating after 1 week.
- Mature the cheese for 3-4 weeks at 16°C - then 1-2 weeks at 12°C. If you can not provide these temperatures, mature it in the fridge but be aware it prolongs the maturation time.
- Should mouldy patches appear on the crust during maturation, carefully scrabe and wash them off, and finish of by saltning it and adding a new layer of coating.